Ar-Rasul’s Open Da’wah: The Mushrikun are Doing the Same to Stop You Today

Learn how the enemies of Islam tried to stop your da’wah today. It is just like what they did to ar-Rasul in the seerah.

What you should expect:

• Ar-Rasul’s trials and tribulations during this phase

• The similarity of the oppositions from the taghut then and now

• Practical lessons for today’s Leaders and Daies


Contents:

1. Diplomatic and Persuasion Approach

2. Violent Approach

3. Accusation and Propaganda of Slander

4. Boycott Approach

Practical Lessons


It was after three years of secretly preaching. Ar-Rasul ﷺ mustered his strength and went to Mount Safa. He gathered the crowds and said; 

“O people of Quraish, I warn you to fear God’s punishment. God has commanded me to warn my closest kin of the punishment in the hereafter. I invite you to say, “Allah is One, there is no other God and I am His servant and His messenger”. I guarantee you heaven by saying this and bear in mind that I cannot be of service to you and this world nor in the hereafter, unless you say “Allah is One, there is no other God but He”.”

Abu Lahab then interrupted and prevented Ar-Rasul ﷺ from completing his speech by saying; “May you perish for this. Is this what you summoned us here for?!”

That moment marked the start of ar-Rasul’s ﷺ da’wah jahriyyah – the open propagation of Islam. Ar-Rasul ﷺ invited them to submit to Allah as the God, Lord and Sovereign of the world. He ﷺ called for them to exhibit dignified behaviours and not trample human dignity and honour.

The new teaching of ar-Rasul ﷺ sparked the fear of division among the society of Makkah. The Mushrikun of Makkah came up with a strong resistance, partially to preserve their corrupted religious practices, lifestyle, wealth and political positions.

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In the meantime, some Mushrikun of Makkah who suffered from oppression by the upper ranks were impressed with ar-Rasul’s ﷺ preaching.

This new faith and worldview not only corrected them in terms of their purpose of life, worshipped entity and spiritual upliftment. Beyond those, Islam gave them hope in putting an end to injustice, corrupted systems and cruel oppressors that had been in power for so long without a worthy and strong enough attempt to stop them. 

Islam started to spread further with the increasing number of conversions, including prominent figures like Hamzah bin Abd Muttalib and Umar bin Al-Khattab. The enemy of Islam and their man-made systems were threathened by Allah’s system.

They hindered ar-Rasul’s work of da’wah through endless imaginable approaches they could think of. And such tireless, strategic opposition against Islam is exactly like what we, the Muslim Leaders, Dai’es and the ummah are facing today.

1. Diplomatic and Persuasion Approach

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Not all opposition against Islam came in the form of violence in the beginning. The chief of the Quraish went to confront ar-Rasul’s ﷺ uncle and guardian, Abu Talib, and warned him to stop ar-Rasul ﷺ from offending their ancestors’ faith and beliefs.

Abu Talib diplomatically took his step to talk to ar-Rasul ﷺ about that matter to persuade him to consider the consequences of his da’wah. Portraying his steadfastness, unswayed stand on da’wah, ar-Rasul ﷺ made a remark:

“I swear by almighty God that even if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, and they demanded me to quit the da’wah of Islam in return, I will never abide the order.

I am strongly determined to carry on my duty towards Him to the last moment of my life though it is risking my life.”

Despite the pressures from the Mushrikun of Makkah, Abu Talib maintained his support and secured ar-Rasul ﷺ from them. However, they didn’t give up and approached Abu Talib once again with more lucrative offers, only to be turned down by Abu Talib.

During the later years, the Muhsrikun of Quraish led by al-Walid bin al-Mutalib and Umayyah bin Khalaf even went to meet ar-Rasul ﷺ and offered a treaty of tolerance. They offered ar-Rasul ﷺ to worship al-Lat and al-Uzza for a year, and they will worship Allah for the next.

Today, what sort of ‘diplomatic’ networking and activities have approached you or are approaching you that make you sway even bit by bit, unknowingly or subconsciously from your mission of tarbiyyah, da’wah and jihad?

2. Violent Approach

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Due to their failure in persuading Abu Talib, they aggressively took action against the believers, especially those without protection from their tribes.

Many tribes persecuted their members who embraced Islam. Slaves, such as in the renowned tale of Bilal ibn Rabah, were tortured to decline ar-Rasul’s ﷺ teaching and forced to pick either to worship al-Lat and al-’Uzza or death. For instance, Yasir’s family, who converted to Islam, faced death after being cruelly tortured by the Mushrikun.

Nevertheless, despite the tortures, the Mushrikun were not able to crush the true believers’ faith and make them return to polytheism.

To mitigate the violent opposition against Islam and da’wah, the believers migrated to Ethiopia to seek asylum. Fortunately, the Ethiopians treated them kindly, which invited rage among the Mushrikun of Makkah. They sent a delegation to Ethiopia to demand the return of the believers to them. The request was rejected by the Christian-devoted king of Ethiopia.

Today, are you facing any violent opposition in your da’wah? If your answer is almost none, do you think it was due to your good strategy of da’wah?

Or is it due to you being on the ‘diplomatic’ path that poses no actual threat to the corrupted, man-made systems of the world?

3. Accusation and Propaganda of Slander

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The Mushrikun of Makkah had failed in several plans in stopping ar-Rasul’s ﷺ efforts. Not willing to give up, they came up with a different method of mass propaganda.

They accused ar-Rasul ﷺ of disseminating a fake faith learnt from foreign sources. Allah refuted that claim, emphasising the linguistic mu’jizat of the Quran. The Quran described it in the following translated verses;

“The disbelievers said, “This Quran is nothing but a fabrication which he (ar-Rasul ﷺ) made up with the help of others”. Their claim is totally unjustified and untrue. They said, “These revelations are only ancient fables which he (ar-Rasul ﷺ) has written down, and that (revelations) are rehearsed to him morning and evening.” (al-Furqan 25: 4-5)

“And We (Allah) surely know that they say, “There is a man who teaches him.” But the man they refer to speaks a foreign tongue, whereas this Quran is in eloquent Arabic”. (Surah an-Nahl 16: 103)

Moreover, ar-Rasul ﷺ was also accused of being a sorcerer and a magician. They accused him of causing disunity among society through ‘spells’ (the Quran) and separating families and tribes from one another. They warned the Arabs to stay away from ar-Rasul ﷺ as his words could endanger the community and their whole life.

Following the propaganda, they demanded ar-Rasul ﷺ to show miracles to them, such as creating a spring from the ground and making a garden of palms, vines and rivers out of nothing. They also challenged him ﷺ to show them the promised doom, so they will believe him in return. Those requests were recorded in Surah al-Isra 17: 90-93.

Have you faced such propaganda, ridiculing your work of tarbiyyah, da’wah and jihad? Did it dampen your spirit and conviction? Did you react and respond with perseverance and wisdom for the sake of Allah?

4. Boycott Approach

After a series of trials and tribulations faced by the believers, they became stronger and stood firm behind ar-Rasul ﷺ against persecution and violence. The Mushrikin of Makkah reckoned they had to paralyse the believers’ movements before things become worse for them. 

They managed to gather clans and tribes against the tribes of Hashim and al-Muttalib through several agreements. They also cut off any relations with those two tribes, such as banning cross marriage and trade activities. 

However, the boycott didn’t last long. They came to realise that prolonging such a move would jeopardise their material gains and their social status. Yet, it was during that time when ar-Rasul’s ﷺ wife, Khadijah, and uncle passed away, leaving an emotional impact towards ar-Rasul ﷺ.

Today, a boycott move is still impactful to undermine the work of da’wah. We may have some humane interests we need to preserve, such as our family and our people. Yet the enemies of Islam could boycott us for our stand on Allah’s sovereignty by cutting official ties, stopping economic support and other measures, explicitly or subtly. What is more dangerous these days is the subtle conditioning of the mind by various means on the  Muslims to slowly forget their mission, effectively self-restraining themselves from da’wah and without them realising it.

Practical Lessons

Courage

Globalisation has exposed our society to different thoughts and beliefs. Modern ideologies have infected some of us – to believe that Islamic systems are no longer relevant and practical today. When the taghut and Jahili systems were the norms back then, ar-Rasul ﷺ and the Sahaba did not become apologetic to the taghut. They courageously faced the pressures and alienation from the Mushrikun of Makkah and continued to spread the truth. We should adopt a similar spirit and take the same steps in voicing out and calling for the Islamic systems to be implemented for the ummah and humanity.

Patience

The mission of da’wah is not an easy task. Nor is it a path filled with worldly praises, rewards, or immature success. After the degeneration of our ummah, the taghut has stayed in power for so long, and changing it is not going to be in one night or even in one’s lifetime. And it is not going to be free from opposition. Patience and persistence in da’wah are important to face the challenges and intensity of various trials and tribulations. Despite the torture and opposition from the Mushrikun of Makkah, ar-Rasul ﷺ and the believers gave more efforts and reached out to more people. We must put our persistent and well planned efforts, and leave it to Allah to decide the fate of our efforts.

Unity     

Bilal ibn Rabah was taken to the desert during the long and hot summers, stripped naked and tortured. The wealthy Abu Bakr was sent to the scene to negotiate for Bilal’s freedom. Bilal was exchanged with three non-muslim slaves. Besides, the boycott against the believers affected their financials to survive. It was unity among believers that lightened the burden from the crisis with help from the wealthy Sahaba.

Today, the increasing sectarian ethnocentrism has tainted the fundamental Islamic teachings. Our ummah is suffering from disunity through sectarian hatred, creed prejudices, power lust, intolerance; promoted or established by propaganda and fear mongering. It is on us to echo ar-Rasul’s message of unity in our ummah, for us to stand together against taghut.

Further Reading

Anis Ahmed. 2014. Dawah: The Contemporary Challenges. The Message International. https://messageinternational.org/society/dawah-the-contemporary-challenges/. 11/12/2020. 

Hassan. 2015. Unity of Muslim Ummah, It’s Need, Importance and suggestions. International Multilingual Journal of Contemporary Research. 

Rodrigo. 2017. Opposition of the Quraisyh to the Message of the Prophet Muhammad. The WritePass Journal. https://writepass.com/journal/2017/02/opposition-of-the- quraysh-to-the-message-of-the-prophet-muhammad/. 11//12/2020. 

Balkis Abu Bakar. 1977. Conflict Between the Prophet Muhammad and The Mushrikin of Quraisyh, During the Mecca Period in Arabic Literature. Thesis for Degree of Philosophy. School of Oriental and African Studies; University of London. 

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