This year’s season of Hajj would certainly be disrupted a little bit due to the tribulations of COVID-19.
Did you know that the season of Hajj during ar-Rasul’s time was also filled with trials and tribulations?
1. The secret Treaty of Aqabah II was leaked!
The secret treaty of Aqabah II between ar-Rasul SAW and the people of Yathrib was actually leaked to the disbelievers, causing a dispute to arise.
Since the Treaty of Aqabah I, the believers from Yathrib (the Ansars) had been repeating among them, “This is the time for us to protect Muhammad instead of leaving him deserted, abandoned and tripping in the hillocks of Mecca, is it not?”
As they came to Mecca during the Hajj season of the 13th year of the prophethood, seventy-four of them met with ar-Rasul SAW again at the same place of Aqabah I as the previous year.
In this second treaty, they pledged with ar-Rasul SAW the following:
to listen and obey him in all circumstances;
to spend in plenty as well as in scarcity;
to enjoin good and forbid evil;
to fear nobody’s disapproval in the cause of Allah; and
to defend ar-Rasul SAW.
To everyone’s surprise, the news about the meeting leaked out the next morning. For the Quraishites, this news meant trouble. If ar-Rasul SAW sided with the people of Yathrib, the Quraishites would be at a huge disadvantage.
The leaders immediately set out for the camps of the people of Yathrib to oppose the treaty. “O people of Khazraj, it befell upon us that you have come here to conclude a treaty with this man (Muhammad) and evacuate him out of Mecca. By Allah, we do hate any sort of fight between you and us.”
Fortunately, the non-believers among the people of Yathrib were not aware of the treaty. They swore by Allah and denounced such allegations. The believers, on the other hand, looked at each other and remained silent. They neither confirmed nor denied.
The Quraishites weren’t all satisfied. So, they investigated to the smallest details, only to establish the truth about the treaty after the people of Yathrib had left. Out of rage, the Quraishites pursued them and managed to catch Sa’d ibn ‘Ubadah. They tortured Sa’d severely, but fortunately, his friends saved him later on.
Without both of the treaties of Aqabah I and II, the migration (Hijrah) to Yathrib later on would not be a reality.
Trials and tribulations on the path of Da’wah are certain and a fitra. If there aren’t any, either you are not doing enough, or you are siding with the wrong party.
2. The Umrah of ar-Rasul SAW was also cancelled!
The cancellation of Hajj is not the first in history. Once, back then, the Umrah of ar-Rasul SAW was also cancelled!
During the sixth year of Hijra, ar-Rasul SAW dreamt of entering the Masjid Al Haram and holding the key of Kaaba. He also saw the believers performing Tawaf and Tahallul.
He told the Sahabas about his dream, causing the Muhajirin to rejoice out of their longing for their hometown and their strong desire to perform the Umrah. Together with hundreds of the Sahabas, ar-Rasul SAW set for a trip to Mecca.
To show that they intended only for a peaceful Umrah, they wore their ihram and brought along the animals for Qurban. Al-Rasul SAW even set some strategies to show the Quraishites that their coming to Mecca was not coming for a battle.
However, their caravan was stopped by the Quraishites as they reached the region of Hudaibiya. During the negotiation between the believers and the Quraishites, it was rumoured that Uthman ibn ‘Affan was killed. This news led to the Pledge of Ridwan, in which the believers swore to fight for their fallen comrade.
To prevent the false narrative that the followers of Muhammad managed to enter Mecca with force, the Quraishites immediately demanded for the signing of the peace Treaty of Hudaibiya. And due to that Treaty, the Muslims had to return to Medina. They could not perform Umrah that year.
The Sahabas were frustrated. They had high hopes of being in Mecca again. They travelled far only for nothing! All of them had to return home without performing Umrah that year. Some of the Sahabas felt that ar-Rasul SAW gave an upper hand to the Quraishites – the disbelievers of Allah.
That moment was a trial and tribulation for ar-Rasul SAW, and more so for the Sahabas.
Little did some of them know, the treaty of Hudaibiya that appeared to be a disadvantage to the Muslims was a stepping stone for a greater victory in the upcoming time. Only with the revelation of Wahy from Allah that they finally calmed down: “Indeed, We have given you, (O Muhammad), a clear conquest.” (al-Quran 48:1)
Trials and tribulations on the path of Da’wah are a given fact and a fitra. Everyone hates difficulties, but to Allah’s wisdom, some difficulties that occurred on the path of Da’wah could lead to a better result. Allah knows best.
3. The meaning behind Hujjatul Wada’
It was Dhul Hijjah in the tenth year of Hijri. Ar-Rasul SAW was still on his camel, al-Qaswah, and he had just finished delivering his sermon to some 120,000 of the Sahabas.
Allah revealed, “Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as the Deen (religion and a way of life) for you.” (al-Quran 5:3)
Upon hearing such a pronouncement, the Sahabas hugged each other all-grateful and all-delightful. Allah had finally granted the Muslims the worldly victory. They had finally fulfilled their great mission of Da’wah.
At that time, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq spotted tears pouring from the eyes of al-Qaswah. He immediately cried along when he realised the reason behind this Hajj.
“What is the cause of your tears?” people asked Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr answered, “Indeed, there is not after perfection but imperfection.”
As the Shari’ah became perfected, the next thing to expect was that the Quranic revelation would end. With the end of revelation, that would be the end of ar-Rasul’s function and the ushering in of the imperfect life without ar-Rasul SAW in this world.
He had finished his job.
Such was the trial and tribulation for the succeeding Ummah. Ar-Rasul SAW knew he would soon leave the Ummah behind after his last sermon. The question is will the conditions of the Ummah after his time be as Shari’ah-compliant and as God-mindful?