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10+1 Things about Fiqh al-Ta’ayush (Fiqh of Co-existence) You Ong-ht to Know (Chinese New Year Special)

Co-existing and Da’wah.

Are you still in the mood of the festive season? Whether you are fond of oranges or not, you may want to ‘peel the skin’ of what Fiqh al-Ta’ayush is all about.

1. Although Islam doesn’t acknowledge the pluralism of creed, Islam does acknowledge the existence of a plural society (a society consisting of multiple religions co-existing and living together).

2. All citizens in a country, Muslims and non-Muslims alike, are bonded together by the relationship of nationality (Muwatana).

3. Allah’s deliberate creation of multiple races and ethnicities — especially so in a plural society — wasn’t to encourage conflicts and differences. Instead, it is an opportunity to know and learn from each other. (al-Quran 49:13)

4. The above Quranic verse also highlights that in principle, there is no such thing as superiority and supremacy of any race over the others, not even the Arabs.

5. The verse also advocates for unity on the foundation of humanity (Insaaniyya), and not only unity of the creed (Aqidiyya). This is an important core of Fiqh al-Ta’ayush.

6. Therefore, Fiqh al-Ta’ayush is built on the Islamic fundamentals of justice, peace and unity for all mankind regardless of their faith and race.

7. However, Fiqh al-Ta’ayush should never compromise the status of Islam as the religion of truth. Also, it is never about integrating, synthesising or syncretising multiple faiths together.

8. The intention from the practice of Fiqh al-Ta’ayush is the introduction of Islam to the non-Muslims, i.e inviting them to it. 

9. Even if they don’t convert afterwards, the application of Fiqh al-Ta’ayush should prevent blood-shedding, and upholding the good collective life of justice, mutual assistance, peace and harmony.

10. Fiqh al-Ta’ayush only covers the permissible things and not the unlawful. Also, it shouldn’t result in harm to Islam and upright Muslims.

+1. Under the concept of Fiqh al-Ta’ayush, it is permissible to wish merry to the non-Muslims and visit them during their festive celebrations for the intention of harmony and peace, or more strategically, for the purpose of Da’wah engagement. And all this without any enjoining of their religious rituals or admitting to the cardinals of their faiths.

How about checking out our other contents on Chinese New Year Special below?

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